# Numbers/Content/Using Numbers/Multiplying and Dividing

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## New Words

*Multiply**Divide*

## Lesson

### Multiplying

Multiplying is a way of adding a number many times. You use the "** * **" sign for the multiplying operation. If you have 4 apple trees and every tree has 25 apples, you have 100 apples. This is **4 * 25 = 100** or **25 + 25 + 25 + 25 = 100** in the signs of Math. The first way is shorter and easier to use.

Multiplying 25 by 4 is the same as adding 25, 4 times or adding 4, 25 times.

Order is not important when multiplying. **2 * 3** is the same as **3 * 2**.

### Dividing

Dividing is the opposite of multiplying. You use the "** ÷ **" sign for the dividing operation. If 3 friends take an equal part of a bag of 12 apples, every friend gets 4 apples. This is **12 ÷ 3 = 4** in the signs of Math.

Order is important when dividing. **3 ÷ 2** is not the same as **2 ÷ 3**.

## Example Questions

**1050 x 1859****120 x 11****132 x 120****128 ÷ 16****10256 ÷ 2****168 ÷ 7**