Numbers/Content/Using Numbers/Multiplying and Dividing

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< Using Numbers

New Words

  • Multiply
  • Divide

Lesson

Multiplying

Multiplying is a way of adding a number many times. You use the " * " sign for the multiplying operation. If you have 4 apple trees and every tree has 25 apples, you have 100 apples. This is 4 * 25 = 100 or 25 + 25 + 25 + 25 = 100 in the signs of Math. The first way is shorter and easier to use.

Multiplying 25 by 4 is the same as adding 25, 4 times or adding 4, 25 times.

Order is not important when multiplying. 2 * 3 is the same as 3 * 2.

Dividing

Dividing is the opposite of multiplying. You use the " ÷ " sign for the dividing operation. If 3 friends take an equal part of a bag of 12 apples, every friend gets 4 apples. This is 12 ÷ 3 = 4 in the signs of Math.

Order is important when dividing. 3 ÷ 2 is not the same as 2 ÷ 3.

Example Questions

  • 1050 x 1859
  • 120 x 11
  • 132 x 120
  • 128 ÷ 16
  • 10256 ÷ 2
  • 168 ÷ 7

More Questions

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